Recently people are concerned about their pets whether they are at risk of COVID-19 or not. Is there any chance to spread Coronavirus from cat? The deadly virus killed many people in 2020. Humans can get help from hospitals. They either undergo medication or quarantine. But what about pets? What precautions should we take for them? What vets are thinking?
We also got some random questions like: How long does coronavirus last in cats? Signs of coronavirus in cats? How is coronavirus transmitted in cats? How long can a cat live with coronavirus? What are the symptoms of coronavirus in cats? Coronavirus from cats contagious to other cats?
Today we are going to discuss about this. We know a little about the transmission between humans and animals. UK has confirmed that a cat got the virus from its owner. It is announced on the 27th of July, 2020.
The cat got COVID-19 from the owner who was tested positive. They are recovered from the virus. Food and Rural Affairs (Defra) said that, the pet was diagnosed with feline herpes virus which is a common cat respiratory infection.
It was under the treatment of a private vet. Then the cat was tested for SARS-Co-infected with a virus that causes Covid-19 in human. Many research was undertaken since then and we learnt many information about this.
There is no strong evidence that pets or animals can transfer the virus to people. Professor James Wood, who is the head of the department of veterinary medicine, University of Cambridge, said, “A handful of pets in contact with infected human owners have been found to be infected around the world. The data suggest that cats may become infected by their owners if their owners have COVID-19, but there is no suggestion that they may transmit it to their owners.”
Why cat can’t spread the COVID-19 to human?
The human lung is larger in volume compared to cat’s one. Its exhaled breath is very small in amount compared to the whole house. But in the case of humans, infected patients can spread a large amount of infected air in the house and cause a healthy man to have the information. Some people think that the grooming nature of the cat can easily catch the virus from its owner or vice versa.
Jonathan Ball, who is the professor of molecular virology, University of Nottingham, said, “We know that domestic animals like cats and dogs can be infected with the SARS-CoV-2 virus, but the evidence suggests that the animals don’t get sick. They produce very low levels of virus, which is why we don’t think they can transmit the virus to humans.”
What cautions pet owners can take so that they don’t pass the virus to their pets?
Specialists advised that people should wash their hands before and after they go in contact with their pets. They also can avoid going near them if they think that they are infected with the coronavirus.
In that case, they should not let their pets go out. They need to stay at home for as long as possible. Some cats don’t want to stay at home for long. In that case, buy them some new toys so that they can play with them and don’t get bored living at home for long.
We need to understand that the situation is not good for all the living things on Earth. Patience and precautions can make the situation under control. Animals can carry the virus with their fur like other surfaces. Some cats and other pets were tested for the virus who went in contact with infected owners and had negative results. Therefore, it can be said that it is hard for cats and dogs to get the virus.
What about in the case of other animals?
After the UK case, other animal organizations in the world were concerned about the issue. They individually experimented with the case and found very little evidence regarding it. Experiments were undertaken in the USA, Europe and Asia.
According to OIE, cats and dogs were tested positive for SARS- CoV-2. Cats had symptoms like respiratory and gastro-intestinal issues. A tiger in a zoo in the USA was also reported. Further information was not available later on. Those were not some serious issues. People got panicked at it. Media also covered these issues in excess. The main transmitter is human, not animals.
To get rid of the virus, measures should be taken before its too late. Keep sufficient distance from people as much as you can. Two meters would be great. This will not secure you 100% but at least it will help to reduce the chance of being infected.
Careful about shopping places and their stuff and goods. Read the cautions written in front of the door. Be aware that COVID-19 spread out by respiratory droppings that leave our mouth and nose when we cough, sneeze and talk. The droplets are sprayed out by an infected patient will have the virus that will enter into a healthy person’s body through mouth, nose, or eye. Avoid touching your face. This is another reason to catch the infection. Respiratory droplets usually don’t go more than one meter.
So, keeping distance of two meters will be better to save yourself. Try to shop from a super shop at off-peak hours to avoid overcrowding. Choose a store that controls the number of buyers who enter into the shop. An overcrowded shop is not recommended. Long lines are building in front of the shops nowadays.
People need to have the patience to stay in the line as it is good for all of us. Self-discipline keep us away from any illness. Always keep your hands clean. Wash those before and after getting in and out of the house. Clean the stuff that is touched usually many times in our day to day use.
Soap helps to kill viruses. Make it a habit to wash hands regularly with soap. Hand sanitizer is also good to kill viruses. You can keep a small bottle of hand sanitizer in the pocket so that it can be used when needed. Try to buy a well-known brand.
The study showed that coronavirus can stay alive on hands up to three days, cardboard for one day. Wipe down purchased products with disinfectants spray or wipe a soapy cloth before keeping those at home.